heritage


heritage
   The term ‘heritage’ is used to mean both the physical remains of Britain’s past and the ideological use of that past in films, television, advertising and other media. The former sense often extends to the recent past (Paul McCartney’s childhood home from the 1960s was acquired by the National Trust in 1998) and the latter has become the basis for Britain’s ‘heritage industry’. A measure of how important certain buildings are is whether they are ‘listed’ by the Department of the Environment (which means they have restrictions placed on their alteration, refurbishment or demolition). Although Thatcherism opposed state intervention, during that era the number of listed buildings doubled and there are now 500,000 in England and Wales, as well as 42,000 in Scotland. Many twentieth-century buildings, such as Battersea Power Station, are now listed. The launch in 1984 of English Heritage enabled the regeneration of projects such as Liverpool’s Grade I-listed Albert Dock. Under the Labour government, English Heritage still receives over £100m annually, but its decisions, such as that to make one of its priorities ‘the heritage of the future’, encouraged government ministers to think it had lost its way; it is being forced to move from its London base to the regions. However, the establishment of a Department of National Heritage and of the Heritage Lottery Fund (with an income of £300m per year) has made the greatest impact on Britain’s heritage of important buildings. Works like the restoration of the Albert Memorial would never have taken place without it.
   Britain’s great cathedrals, particularly the medieval ones—Chester, York, Winchester and Durham—were already ensuring their future through marketing themselves to tourists. However, heritage is used to sell products to other markets than tourists. Britons buy a version of themselves which is packaged in television series like Inspector Morse or Heartbeat, whose characters inhabit a world far removed from that of people who live in urban high-rise flats or semi-detached suburban houses. Films of the 1980s and 1990s, such as The Remains of the Day or A Month in the Country or Merchant- Ivory’s oeuvre (see Merchant-Ivory Productions), are sold around the world as an image of an ideal Britain. Common elements of the aristocracy, venerable buildings and English eccentrics occur over and over in such films, offering a picture of a quaint, genteel and gentle England. They are eagerly consumed by Britons themselves as a kind of national myth.
   See also: National Lottery
   Further reading
    Storry, M. and Childs, P. (1997) British Cultural Identities, London: Routledge, 1997.
   MIKE STORRY

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • héritage — [ eritaʒ ] n. m. • v. 1131; de hériter 1 ♦ Patrimoine laissé par une personne décédée et transmis par succession; action d hériter. ⇒ succession (1o); hérédité, hoirie. Faire un héritage, un gros héritage, le recueillir. Attendre, espérer un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Heritage — refers to something which is inherited from one s ancestors. It has several different senses, including:* Cultural heritage, a nation s historic monuments, museum collections, etc. * Natural heritage, a nation s fauna and flora, natural resources …   Wikipedia

  • heritage — Heritage, m. penac. combien qu il vienne de Haereditas, ou de Haeredium, vocables Latins (dont l un, comme dit Julien Juriscons. au tiltre De Reg. iuris. Est la succession en tous les droicts, noms, raisons, et actions que le trespassé avoit en… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Heritage — студийный альбом Opeth …   Википедия

  • Heritage — Héritage Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour l’article homonyme, voir L Héritage.  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • heritage — Heritage. s. m. Les biens d une succession, les biens dont on herite. C est l heritage de ses peres. renoncer à un heritage. recueillir un heritage. Il s employe aussi au figuré. Il a herité de la goutte de son pere, c est un meschant heritage.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Heritage — Álbum de Opeth Publicación 16 de Septiembre de 2011[1] Grabación 31 de enero de 2011 ? Género(s) …   Wikipedia Español

  • heritage — heritage, inheritance, patrimony, birthright denote something which one receives or is entitled to receive by succession (as from a parent or predecessor). Heritage is the most widely applicable of these words, for it may apply to anything (as a… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Heritage — Her it*age, a. [OE. heritage, eritage, OF. heritage, eritage, F. h[ e]ritage, fr. h[ e]riter to inherit, LL. heriditare. See {Hereditable}.] 1. That which is inherited, or passes from heir to heir; inheritance. [1913 Webster] Part of my heritage …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Heritage B&B — (Дандолк,Ирландия) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: Haynestown Bridge, Haynesto …   Каталог отелей

  • heritage — I noun ancestry, bequest, birthright, descent, expectations, future possession, hereditament, heredltas, heredium, heritance, incorporeal hereditament, inheritance, inherited lot, inherited portion, legacy, lineage, patrimonium, patrimony,… …   Law dictionary